Friday, December 05, 2014

Scaffolding in the ESL classroom

According to Sawyer, 2006, "Instructional scaffolding is a learning process designed to promote a deeper level of learning. Scaffolding is the support given during the learning process which is tailored to the needs of the student with the intention of helping the student achieve his/her learning goals".

Scaffolding, in education, is the provision of sufficient support to promote learning when concepts and skills are being first introduced to students: a compelling task, emplates and guides, guidance on the development of cognitive and social skills...(those who are familiarized with clil, know very well what am I talking about!)

We, as teachers, can use instructional scaffolding in various contexts:
  • modeling a task 
  • giving advice 
  • providing coaching 
These supports are gradually removed as students develop autonomous learning strategies, thus promoting their own cognitive, affective and psychomotor learning skills and knowledge. Teachers help the students master a task or a concept by providing support. The support can take many forms such as outlines, recommended documents, storyboards, or key questions.

Today I like to recommend some posts, webs and articles to provide you with some ideas to do so in the English as a Second Language class (specially primary classes).

Let's go on!

Scaffolding definition and Scaffolding vs differentitation in The Glossary of Education Reform.

6 Scaffolding Strategies to Use With Your Students,
by Rebecca Alder

8 strategies for Scaffolding Instruction, by Kristin Houser

5 Key Strategies for ELL Instruction by Rebecca Greene. An extremely good article about the key strategies to learn Content and Language in an integrated way. Do not miss it!

Choose the right ones with your students and you'll get the best of them!

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